[MMR Technologies]
Custom Temperature Control


MMR provides a selection of micro miniature refrigerator systems for specialized studies using scanning electron microscopes, atomic force microscopes and X-ray diffractometer systems.

MMR's SEM cold stage is designed to mount on the sample stage of a scanning electron microscope. Samples can be studied at any temperature over the operating range of the refrigerator.


MMR's AFM cold stages facilitate temperature-correlated studies using atomic force microscopes, to understand how sample characteristics and morphology vary with temperature.


MMR's Model K20XR is a compact thermal stage designed for variable-temperature studies of solid and powder samples in a variety of X-ray diffractometer systems. This thermal stage allows collection of X-ray diffraction data over a range of angles close to 90° in either horizontal or vertical mounting positions.